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This Code for Private Prosecutors has been produced by the Private Prosecutors’ Association (“the PPA”) with input from many of its members.

The aim of the Code for Private Prosecutors is to provide a benchmark for best practice in the conduct of private prosecutions.

Whilst the Code for Crown Prosecutors provides guidance for anyone bringing criminal proceedings, private prosecutions give rise to unique issues and challenges that are not present in public prosecutions. The Code for Private Prosecutors is intended to address some of these topics and to provide guidance for those bringing private prosecutions. It seeks to deal with matters which are not covered by the Code for Crown Prosecutors and should be read in conjunction with it.

Adherence to the Code for Private Prosecutors is voluntary but members of the PPA confirm that they will abide by it. In due course, we hope that it will become an authoritative point of reference for private prosecutors as well as others involved in the criminal justice system.

We wish to extend our thanks to all those members who lent their insight and expertise in the drafting of the Code and of this, its second edition.

Annabel Kerley

Chair of the Private Prosecutors’ Association

PPA Code for Private Prosecutors – Edition 1.2 revised 05.10.22

Editor in chief
Peter Hungerford-Welch, City, University of London

Managing editors
Rachna Gokani, QEB Hollis Whiteman
Adrian Darbishire KC, QEB Hollis Whiteman
Polly Sprenger, Addleshaw Goddard

PPA committee
Annabel Kerley, Chair
Hannah Laming, Immediate Past Chair Squire Patton Boggs
Gareth Minty, Vice Chair Mishcon de Reya LLP
Melinka Berridge, Kingsley Napley LLP
Stuart Biggs, Three Raymond Buildings
Rachna Gokani, QEB Hollis Whiteman
Ben Ticehurst, Squire Patton Boggs